( Gauleiters ). Prominent feminists, including Anita Augspurg, Lida Gustava Heymann, and Helene Stöcker, felt forced to live in exile. Other people deemed life unworthy of life by the Nazis included the mentally and physically disabled, Romani people, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, and social misfits. Austrian and Czech foreign exchange reserves were seized by the Nazis, as were stockpiles of raw materials such as metals and completed goods such as weaponry and aircraft, which were shipped to Germany. Historian and war correspondent William. The government controlled artistic expression, promoting specific art forms and banning or discouraging others. By early June, Germany occupied all of Norway. Germany assumed full control in France in 1942, Italy in 1943, and Hungary in 1944. The Nazi regime ended after the. The government was not a coordinated, co-operating body, but a collection of factions struggling for power and Hitler's favour. The Red Army launched a counter-offensive on 19 November and encircled the Axis forces, who were trapped in Stalingrad on 23 November. They were shipped to concentration camps starting in 1935 and many were killed. Lanham, MD: Rowman Littlefield. Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels made effective use of film, mass rallies, and Hitler's hypnotic oratory to influence public opinion. In Brüggemeier, Franz-Josef; Cioc, Mark; Zeller, Thomas (eds.). Jews and people considered politically unreliable were prevented from working in the arts, and many emigrated. Members of the nsdap or party supporters were appointed in their place. Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia. Suicide rates in Germany increased, particularly in areas where the Red Army was advancing. Hitler sent military supplies and assistance to the Nationalist forces of General Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War, which began in July 1936.